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Volume 10, Number 5, 2020, Pages 1878-1896                                                                DOI:10.11948/20190272
Impact of noise in a phytoplankton-zooplankton system
Tiancai Liao,Hengguo Yu,Chuanjun Dai,Min Zhao
Keywords:Noise, phytoplankton, zooplankton, extinction, persistence.
Abstract:
      In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of a delayed toxic phytoplankton-two zooplankton system incorporating the effects of Levy noise and white noise. The value of this study lies in two aspects: Mathematically, we first prove the existence of a unique global positive solution of the system, and then we investigate the sufficient conditions that guarantee the stochastic extinction and persistence in the mean of each population. Ecologically, via numerical simulations, we find that the effect of white noise or Levy noise on the stochastic extinction and persistence of phytoplankton and zooplankton are similar, but the synergistic effects of the two noises on the stochastic extinction and persistence of these plankton are stronger than that of single noise. In addition, an increase in the toxin liberation rate or the intraspecific competition rate of zooplankton was found to be capable to increase the biomass of the phytoplankton but decrease the biomass of zooplankton. These results may help us to better understand the phytoplankton-zooplankton dynamics in the fluctuating environments.
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