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Volume 7, Number 4, 2017, Pages 1549-1569                                                                DOI:10.11948/2017094
Effective construction of Poincar\''e--Bendixson regions
Armengol Gasull,Hector Giacomini,Maite Grau
Keywords:Transversal curve, Poincar\''e--Bendixson region, limit cycle, bifurcation, planar differential system.
Abstract:
      This paper deals with the problem of location and existence of limit cycles for real planar polynomial differential systems. We provide a method to construct Poincar\''e--Bendixson regions by using transversal curves, that enables us to prove the existence of a limit cycle that has been numerically detected. We apply our results to several known systems, like the Brusselator one or some Li\''{e}nard systems, to prove the existence of the limit cycles and to locate them very precisely in the phase space. Our method, combined with some other classical tools can be applied to obtain sharp bounds for the bifurcation values of a saddle-node bifurcation of limit cycles, as we do for the Rychkov system.
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