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Volume 5, Number 3, 2015, Pages 406-419                                                                DOI:10.11948/2015033
Nonaxisymmetric Free Convection Flow over a Rotating Disk in a Viscoelastic fluid with Magnetic Field
Rajeswari Seshadri,Jayaraj Sabaskar
Keywords:Viscoelastic fluid;three-dimensional flow
Abstract:
      The non axisymmetric motion produced by a buoyancy-induced secondary flow of a viscoelastic fluid over an infinite rotating disk in a verticalplane with a magnetic field applied normal to the disk has been studied.The governing Navier Stokes equations and the energy equation admit a self similar solution. The system of ordinary differential equations has been solved numerically using Runge-Kutta Gill subroutine.The turning moment for the viscoelastic fluid is found to be less than that of the Newtonian fluid but the turning moment is increased due to the magnetic parameter. The resultant force due to the buoyancy-induced secondary flow increases with the magnetic parameter but reduces as the viscoelastic parameter increases. The quantity of fluid, which is pumped outwards due to the centrifuging action of the disk, for the viscoelastic fluid is more than that of the Newtonian fluid. The buoyancy-induced secondary flow boundary layer is much thicker than the primary boundary layer thickness. The thermal boundary layer due to the primary flow increases with the magnetic parameter decreases as the viscoelastic parameter increases. The heat transfer increases with the viscoelastic parameter but decreases as the magnetic parameter increases. The effect of the viscoelastic parameter is more pronounced on the secondary flow than on the primary flow.
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