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Volume 2, Number 3, 2012, Pages 305-313                                                                DOI:10.11948/2012022
Qualitative and bifurcation analysis using a computer virus model with a saturated recovery function
Nemat Nyamoradi,Mohamad Javidi
Keywords:Global stability, Virus infection, Ratio-dependent, Basic reproduction number
Abstract:
      In this paper, we introduce a saturated treatment function into the computer virus propagation model, where the treatment function is limited for increasing number of infected computers. By carrying out global qualitative and bifurcation analysis, it is shown that the system exhibits some new and complicated behaviors: if the basic reproduction number is larger than unity, the number of infected computers will show persistent behavior, either converging to some positive constant or oscillating; and if the basic reproduction number is below unity, the model may exhibit complicated behaviors including: (i) backward bifurcation; (ii) almost sure virus eradication where the number of infective computers tends to zero for all initial positions except the interior equilibria; (iii) ‘‘oscillating’’ backward bifurcation where either the number of infective computers oscillates persistently, if the initial position lies in a region covering the stable virus equilibrium, or virus eradication, if the initial position lies outside this region; (iv) virus eradication for all initial positions if the basic reproduction number is less than a turning point value.
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