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The breather wave solutions, M-lump solutions and semi-rational solutions to a (2+1)-dimensional generalized Korteweg-de Vries equation
Hui Wang,Shoufu Tian,Tian-Tian Zhang,Yi Chen
Keywords:A (2+1)-dimensional generalized Korteweg-de Vries equation, Bilinear form, Breather wave solutions, Lump solutions, Hybrid solutions.
Abstract:
      Under investigation in this work is a (2+1)-dimensional generalized Korteweg-de Vries equation, which can be used to describe many nonlinear phenomena in plasma physics. By using the properties of Bell"s polynomial, we obtain the bilinear formalism of this equation. The expression of $N$-soliton solution is established in terms of the Hirota"s bilinear method. Based on the resulting $N$-soliton solutions, we succinctly show its breather wave solutions. Furthermore, with the aid of the corresponding soliton solutions, the $M$-lump solutions are well presented by taking a long wave limit. Two types of hybrid solutions are also represented in detail. Finally, some graphic analysis are provided in order to better understand the propagation characteristics of the obtained solutions.