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Dynamics of a stochastic SIR model with both horizontal and vertical transmission
Keywords:Stochastic SIR epidemic model, vertical transmission, extinction, persistence, threshold.
      A stochastic mathematical model with both horizontal and vertical transmission is proposed to investigate the dynamical behavior of SIR disease. By employing theories of stochastic differential equation and inequality techniques, the threshold associating on extinction and persistence of infectious diseases is deduced for the case of the small noise. Our results show that the threshold completely depends on the stochastic perturbation and the basic reproductive number of the corresponding deterministic model. Moreover, we find that large noise is conducive to control the spread of diseases and the persistent disease in deterministic model may eliminate ultimately due to the effect of large noise. Finally, numerical simulations are performed to illustrate the theoretical results.