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Centers for the Kukles homogeneous systems with even degree
Keywords:Center-focus problem, isochronous center, Poincar\''e-Liapunov constants, Gr\"obner basis of polynomial systems.
Abstract:
      For the polynomial differential system $\dot{x}=-y$, $\dot{y}=x Q_n(x,y)$, where $Q_n(x,y)$ is a homogeneous polynomial of degree $n$ there are the following two conjectures done in 1999. (1) Is it true that the previous system for $n \ge 2$ has a center at the origin if and only if its vector field is symmetric about one of the coordinate axes? (2) Is it true that the origin is an isochronous center of the previous system with the exception of the linear center only if the system has even degree? We give a step forward in the direction of proving both conjectures for all $n$ even. More precisely, we prove both conjectures in the case $n = 4$ and for $n\ge 6$ even under the assumption that if the system has a center or an isochronous center at the origin, then it is symmetric with respect to one of the coordinate axes, or it has a local analytic first integral which is continuous in the parameters of the system in a neighborhood of zero in the parameters space. The case of $n$ odd was studied in [8].