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 A kind of bifurcation of limit cycle from nilpotent critical point Keywords:Nilpotent critical point; Limit cycle; Bifurcation; Abstract: In this paper, an interesting and new bifurcation phenomenon that limit cycles could be bifurcated from nilpotent node (focus) by changing its stability is investigated. It is different from lowing its multiplicity in order to get limit cycles. We prove that $n^2+n-1$ limit cycles could be bifurcated by this way for $2n+1$ degree system. Moreover, this upper bound could be reached. At last, we give two examples to show that $N(3)=1$ and $N(5)=5$.