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Quadratic harvesting dominated optimal strategy for a stochastic single-species model
Dianli Zhao,Haidong Liu,Yanli Zhou,Sanling Yuan
Keywords:Stochastic single-species model, ergodicity, optimal strategy, quadratic harvesting
Abstract:
      A stochastic population model with the mixed harvesting strategy is formulated and studied in this paper. Sufficient and necessary conditions for survival of the species are derived firstly. Then, based on the ergodic stationary distribution, the optimal strategy is identified. Results show that the linear harvesting effort threatens to the survival of the species; the quadratic harvesting strategy occupies an absolute advantage in the harvesting and excludes the linear part out of the optimal harvesting strategy. It's interest to see all these occur only in the random environments. Computer simulations are carried out to support the obtained results.