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Explicit Peakon solutions to a family of wave-breaking equations
Qing Tu,Lijun Zhang,Yuzhen Bai,Robert Hakl
Keywords:wave-breaking equations, singular wave solutions, peakon solutions, singular line
Abstract:
      The singular traveling wave solutions of a general 4-parameter family equation which unifies the Camass-Holm equation, the Degasperis-Procesi equation and the Novikov equation are investigated in this paper. At first, we obtain the explicit peakon solutions for one of its particular case that $a=(p+2)c$, $b=(p+1)c$ and $c=1$, which is referred to a generalized Camassa-Holm-Novikov (CHN) equation, by reducing it to a second-order ordinary differential equation (ODE) and solving its associated first-order integrable ODE. By observing the characteristics of peakon solutions of the CHN equation, we construct the peakon solutions for the general 4-parameter breaking wave equation. It reveals that singularities of the peakon solutions come up only when the solutions attain singular points of the equation, which might be a universal principal for all singular traveling wave solutions for breaking equations.